Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.
By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Clean drinking water and good and clean sanitation positively influence other global goals, such as food safety, education and health. Clean drinking water reduces the number of infections. Clean toilets in schools ensure that more girls go to school, even when they are on their period. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet for all. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
By 2030, there must be universal access to clean drinking water and adequate and equitable sanitation for all. To improve the quality of water, dumping waste in water must be eliminated and wastewater must be treated more often. Additionally, all countries must have a properly functioning water resource management system by 2030 according to Global Goal 6.
- access to clean and sufficient water;
- improve water management;
- more sanitary facilities;
- combat diseases;
- prevent draught.