Global Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty.  The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction.  However, inequality persists and, large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

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In short

  • Inequality must be reduced between and within countries
  • This way we can strengthen the ecological, social and economic balance

Global Goal

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Reduce inequality between and within countries

Income inequality between countries has decreased, but inequality within countries has increased. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not suf´Čücient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.

Universal policies

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. Economic growth must be inclusive, meaning that everyone must be involved. When discussing economic growth, social aspects and the environment must be included.

Income growth

Global Goal 10 states that countries must pay more attention to the income growth of the poor. Countries must progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average. Global financial institutions must be better regulated and monitored. Global Goal 10 also touches upon migration. Migration and mobility of people must be facilitated more orderly and safely. Additionally, discriminatory laws, policies and practices that increase inequality must be eliminated. Equal opportunities for all must be ensured, and the social, economic and political inclusion of all should be empowered and promoted.

In short:
  • have the international community fight poverty;
  • combating persistent inequalities;
  • realise inclusive economic growth;
  • apply the three pillars of sustainable development: People, Planet, Profit;
  • striving for universal policy.